Transportation & Related Infrastructure

Georgia has historically been the gateway connecting East with the West. Georgia serves as an entry gate for the Central Asian landlocked countries, so the oil, gas, coal, zinc, copper and other commodities are transferred to Europe though Georgia. On the other hand, out of the three main roads from Europe to Asia, the road through Georgia is the most stable and secure. Due to the stable political and economic climate, Caucasian corridor is becoming more and more attractive for businesses. Additionally, the Suez channel has reached its maximum capacity. Thus there is clearly an opportunity to open North-South land transportation.
Globally recognized, efficient Customs Service of Georgia, as one of the least corrupted body according Transparency International 2014 Report, has a very strong positive impetus in the logistics chain. Average time for import clearance is just 15 minutes.
Sea Ports
Sea Ports


 

There are 2 existing ports in Georgia, and 2 oil terminals.
Batumi seaport has 11 berths, with 9-12 m draft. In 2014 handled cargo in Batumi seaport was 6.3 mln tons. Batumi Sea Port handles mainly oil commodities.
Poti seaport has 15 berths, with 8-11 m draft. In 2014 handled cargo in Poti seaport was 8.6mln tons. The Poti seaport is a cross point of the Trans-Caucasian Corridor/TRACECA, a multinational project which connects the Romanian port of Constanta and Bulgarian port Varna with the landlocked countries of the Caspian region and Central Asia.
Kulevi Oil Terminal incorporates three piers, a canal for tankers, a mobile service fleet of 9 vessels. The terminal has a tank park with overall storage capacity of 320,000 m3. For loading operations there are two berths for receiving tankers with tonnage up to 100,000 tons.
Railroads
Railroads

 
Georgian Railways is concentrated to organize freight and passenger transportation with efficient infrastructure and rolling stock services and to make Caucasus the most effective connection between Europe and Asia. There is 2,100 km railway; modernization is in progress, Georgian railway currently has around 30 mln t/year capacity.
The project of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railroad mainline was initiated in 2007 by the governments of Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey. This railway has a significant importance for the region, because it is intended to connect Georgian and Azerbaijan railways to the Turkish one. Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway project is almost completed and integration is planned in 2016.
Roads & Highways
Roads & Highways


 
Road infrastructure is rapidly developing throughout Georgia. In last two years for the development of road infrastructure, the government has spent over 50 mln USD. There is a 1,500 km international roads and 20,000 km all roads in Georgia.

Airports
Airports


 

There are three international airports in Georgia.
Tbilisi International Airport is the main airport of the country. It has a 25,000 square meter total usable area. There is scope for future expansions without interrupting terminal operations. In 2014 Tbilisi international airport hosted 1,575,386 passengers.
Kutaisi International Airport in 2013 reached the peak of its initial development in 2013 covering 10% of carried passengers on the market. In 2014 the “David the Builder” Kutaisi International Airport was used by the 218,003 passengers. Distance between Kutaisi International Airport and Hualing Kutaisi Free Industrial Zone is only 19km.
Batumi International Airport is one of three airports operating in Georgia. The new Batumi airport terminal has been in operation since 26 May 2007. With a total area of 4,256 m2, it is capable of handling 600,000 passengers a year. In 2014 the airport was used by 213,439 passengers.
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