10 Facts about Georgia:
Georgia is one of the oldest wine producing regions of the world. Man discovered art of winemaking in Georgia 8,000 years ago. Due to the many millennia of wine in Georgian history, the traditions of its viticulture are entwined and inseparable with the country’s national identity.
There are just 14 independent alphabets in the world and Georgian is one of them. The oldest uncontested example of Georgian writing is an Asomtavruli inscription from 430 AD in a church in Bethlehem
Our current UNESCO heritage sites include the ancient capital city of Mtskheta, the massive cathedral complexes of Bagrati and Gelati, and the mountain region of Svaneti. They show the high artistic and cultural level attained by this ancient kingdom.
Ushguli is recognised as the highest settlement in Europe, set at altitudes between 2,086 and 2,200 metres above sea level. Usghuli and the surrounding mountainous Svaneti province are a must-see destination in Georgia. The region is made rich by its hospitable people, indigenous traditions and stunning landscapes. Svaneti also has its own remarkable cuisine, distinct from the other parts of Georgia. (Under UNESCO protection)
Recent excavations of Dmanisi have revealed an extraordinary record of the earliest hominid dispersal beyond Africa (1,75 million years ago). Several hominid individuals along with abundant well-preserved remains of fossil animals and stone artefacts have been found. The Dmanisi specimens are the most primitive and small-brained humans found outside of Africa to be attributed to Homo erectus sensu lato.
Georgia is one of the most ecologically diverse countries in the world, with climatic zones ranging from subtropical to high alpine to semi-desert. Georgia is also home to vast expanses of completely unspoiled wildernesses, including one of Europe’s largest national parks.
From adventure tourism to discovering the art of wine making, Georgia has something to delight every visitor. Take advantage of the cheapest heli-skiing in Europe, or tour some of the finest medieval architecture in the world, delve into ancient, subterranean cave cities, or relax at world class beach resorts – in Georgia, everything is possible.
Georgia is a year-round destination. In Georgia, you can swim in the sea as late as November – one of the longest swimming seasons in Europe. After that, why not head to the mountains, where there is guaranteed snow until late April, making Georgia a top destination for skiers and snowboarders.
With five peaks higher than Mont Blanc (4,808 meters), Georgia’s High Caucasus Mountains are comparable to the European Alps and by far less crowded. The fabled region of Svaneti, nestled in these mountains, is a place of magic and fear, even for Georgians themselves. Access to peaks like Mount Shkhara (5,201 meters) and Mount Ushba (4,710 meters) and opportunities to stay with Svan families in villages make trekking in this region an outdoor and cultural adventure.
Infrastructure and facilities are rapidly being developed in Georgia. Monuments and routes are being renovated and made more accessible. Almost every week there is a new travel opportunity in Georgia. It offers the following types of tourism: adventure tourism, cultural tourism, wine tourism, eco-tourism, hunting tourism, cruise tourism, extreme tourism combined with cultural tourism, bird-watching tourism, speleo tourism, mountain tourism, archaeological tourism, culinary tourism, ethnographical tourism, educational tourism. The New York Times ranked Georgia 6-th among 52 best countries for the tourism destination. Tbilisi has become one of the safest capitals in the Western World comparable to Lisbon or Vienna